Just a correction
Najd between the time of the Prophet, sal Allahu ‘alayhi wasallam, and the time of Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdil Wahhab?
Najd did become part of the Islamic state in the time of the Prophet, sal Allahu ‘alayhi wasallam. This was due to the tribe of Haneefah embracing Islam. However, many of them became apostates when Musaylimah the liar claimed prophecy. Najd was bought back under Islamic Khalifate after the battle of Yamaamah, in which the Muslims were victorious over the false prophet and the apostates. Najd became forgotten in the Abassid period. Najd fell under the authority of the Zaidi Shi’as until they were defeated in 317AH. After this time period there really was no unified leadership and the Najd had been divided into separate entities by their local leaders. However, in 923 AH, with the Ottomans conquering Egypt, placed Najd back under the Khalifate. Although they had the domain, the Ottoman Khalifate did not show much concern with the affairs of Najd. Due to this the people of Najd felt neglected as they were not involved in any economic activities with the rest of the hijaaz, which led to ill feelings of nationalism between the Najdi ‘Arabs and the Turks. Yet despite this, the Najd Ulemaa prayed for the Ottoman Khalifate in the Friday sermons. The authorities lack of presence was heavily felt in Najd as many of the tribes would kill and loot one another. It was a dangerous place and a breeding ground for bandits. This forced traders to take other trade routes, totally avoiding Najd. Najd faced some hard situations, however, there was a few influential tribes who managed to have a political sway over their city. Muammar was one of them, yet his authority still was in line with the Ottoman Khalifate. If they wrote to him and told him to jump, he would jump. This was the same case with the Ulemaa and all the chief Qadis of Najd. They all was in obedience to the valid Muslim authority. This was not true for all the leaders of the Najd area. Some of the leaders gained their authority through oppression and were merely bandits turned political. Due to the nature of the warring tribes they were left unchallenged, as long as they did not bother the Islamic cities of Najd where the Qadis were in the position of authority. This was the state of Najd between the time of Prophet Muhammad, sal Allahu ‘alayhi wasallam, and the time of Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdil Wahhab.
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